6G and the First Research visions


"As fifth generation (5G) research is maturing towards a global standard, the research community must focus on the development of beyond-5G solutions and the 2030 era, i.e. 6G. It is not clear yet what 6G will entail. It will include relevant technologies considered too immature for 5G or which are outside the defined scope of 5G. More specifically, the way in which data is collected, processed, transmitted and consumed within the wireless network will be a key driver for 6G."

It is envisioned that we will need new KPI drivers besides the current 5G technical KPIs. Societal megatrends, United Nations (UN) sustainability goals, lowering carbon dioxide emissions, emerging new technical enablers as well as ever increasing productivity demands are critical drivers towards 2030 solutions.

6G research should look at the problem of transmitting up to 1 Tbps per user. This is possible through the efficient utilization of the spectrum in the THz regime. Modulation and duplexing schemes beyond Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) and Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) must be developed and possibly it is time to start looking at analogue types of modulation at THz frequencies.

The first 6G Wireless Summit was organized in Levi, Finland, in March 2019 with almost 300 participants from 29 countries, including major infrastructure manufacturers, operators, regulators as well as academia. The event was organised by the Finnish 6G Flagship Programme

All reviews conducted so far have indicated that exposures below the limits recommended in the ICNIRP (1998) EMF guidelines6, covering the full frequency range from 0-300 GHz, do not produce any known adverse health effects (UN WHO7). The introduction of novel 6G technologies will initiate the need to review the status of the science and identify gaps in knowledge needing further research to make better health risk assessments.

Research questions

Q1: What are the key societal requirements for 6G?

Q2: How can ecosystem stakeholders and roles, and their ecosystem configurations be categorized in 6G?

Q3: How, why and what platform-based ecosystem business models could emerge in the 6G sharing economy?

Q4: How could artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) transform the platform-based ecosystems, business models and services in future 6G systems?

Q5: What is the minimum viable regulation needed for 6G to respond to societal requirements? Q6: How can novel mechanisms and business models be developed which support inclusion, and access in remote areas?

For more updates refer to Finnish 6G Flagship Programme

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