Human capital in COP14 ( UNCCD)

Human capital consists of the knowledge, skills, and health that people accumulate throughout their lives, enabling them to realize their potential as productive members of society. We can end extreme poverty and create more inclusive societies by developing human capital. This requires investing in people through nutrition, health care, quality education, jobs and skills

Source : The changing nature of work, chapter 3, World development report of World bank group.

Scope : COP14, UNCCD, New Delhi Declaration.

The COP was established by the Convention as the supreme decision-making body; it comprises ratifying governments and regional economic integration organizations, such as the European Union.

During the COP14 the attempt to improve human capital could be found in the statements made in the Committee of the Whole -

Follow-up on policy frameworks and thematic issues: Sand and dust storms. Draft decision submitted by the Chairperson of the Committee of the Whole - Point 2(c)

Build the capacity of Parties to address sand and dust storms by developing a toolbox including decision-making support tools, in collaboration with relevant United Nations entities, institutions and partners; ICCD/COP(14)/L.2

Follow-up on policy frameworks and thematic issues: Gender. Draft decision submitted by the Chairperson of the Committee of the Whole - point (4)

Further requests the secretariat, subject to availability of resources, to strengthen gender-related knowledge and capacity, both in the secretariat and the Global Mechanism, by providing training to all staff on gender mainstreaming methods, tools and techniques on a regular basis to enhance systematic gender mainstreaming in all work areas and support the implementation of the United Nations System-wide Action Plan on Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women;ICCD/COP(14)/L.4

~ New Delhi Declaration acknowledges the risk on Human capital due to Desertification/Land degradation

~ Ministerial round table 1: Land, climate and renewable energy - Point 14 - mentions the importance of Human capital several times

Parties noted the latest findings of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services assessments and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change special report on climate change, desertification, land degradation, sustainable land management, food security, and greenhouse gas fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems, which recognized the role of the land-use sector as critical to getting land and climate right. The science on land and climate is improving steadily. However, knowledge management and capacity-building were mentioned numerous times. Several countries welcomed the enhancements to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) Knowledge Hub (e.g. the Drought Tool Box) and the value of practices databases for SLM (e.g. World Overview of Conservation Approaches and Technologies). Some countries talked about cooperation and harnessing the growing influence of South– South cooperation to ensure that science was translated to policy and action

~ Ministerial round table 3: Fostering a global movement for ecosystem restoration - Point 42 :

Food security is of paramount importance for most countries, and the loss of soil quality in some regions is alarming. Restoring the health and productivity of the land for food production is a top priority for many countries. Most reaffirmed their commitments to their land degradation neutrality targets and recognized that implementation of those targets on the ground has great potential for creating transformational change. Some acknowledged that some of the more successful restoration efforts are being led by local communities and municipalities, including indigenous peoples, and that community engagement cannot ignore property rights and tenure security. Continuing to build these capacities and scale up restoration efforts must come into sharper focus. The principles in the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security were referenced by several speakers as essential to our efforts to combat land degradation.

~ Interactive dialogue 2: Healthy land – healthy people clearly emphasize the importance of Human capital improvement as an outcome of having a healthy land.

~point 63 of the Interactive dialogue 3: Boosting sustainable value chains for land-based business - an emphasis was made on the investment of the Human capital.

pointed out the importance of technology to promote the development of value chains, Mr. Giraud from Livelihoods Venture also emphasized the need to invest in human capital, in particular in women and youth who represent the majority as well as the future in the production and transformation of farming and wild collection in the dry land areas.

Document : ICCD/COP(14)/L.9

The Participation and involvement of the private sector in meetings and processes of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification and the business engagement strategy. Draft decision submitted by the Chairperson of the Committee of the Whole - emphasizes the importance of the Human capital in point 3

"Also requests the secretariat and the Global Mechanism, within their respective mandates, to evaluate options to be presented for consideration at COP 15 for promoting greater participation of the private sector, particularly small and medium-sized enterprises, in the development and mainstreaming of innovative and sustainable solutions for combating desertification/land degradation and drought and achieving land degradation neutrality, including in agriculture, agricultural technology, food systems, water, range lands, mining, forestry and renewable energy;"

Document: ICCD/COP(14)/L.11

In the Multi-year workplan for the Convention institutions (2020–2023) -

To mobilize substantial and additional financial and non financial resources to support the implementation of the Convention by building effective partnerships at global and national level

Document : ICCD/COP(14)/L.13

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