We need strong public institutions at all levels to foster new ways of working and thinking such as the Environment, Social and Governance (ESG) approaches that can build on the SDGs. Despite the fact that the ESG approaches are not officially endorsed by the UN, the adoption of ESG approaches in private investments is evolving from a risk management practice to a driver of innovation and new opportunities that create longterm value for business and society
The typology of innovations in the public sector could include service innovations, service delivery innovations, administrative and organizational innovations, conceptual innovations, policy innovations and systematic innovations. Much of the discussions on public sector innovations have focused on innovative approaches in service delivery which has been driven by ICTs and digital government coupled with better partnerships with citizens, civil society and the private sector. It is important that government expands its focus to other dimensions of innovations, beyond the currently predominating discussions on innovative public service delivery via ICT. Government should attempt to fully apply and foster different innovations in public sector in a multi-dimensional approach, as an essential endeavour to build effective, accountable and inclusive public institutions at all levels and achieve SDG implementation.
Ensuring no one is left behind is the overarching principle of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Most of the SDGs are linked to the delivery of inclusive and equitable public services, which are especially critical for vulnerable groups. The COVID-19 pandemic has further marginalized vulnerable groups and exacerbated their vulnerabilities. This calls for innovation for inclusiveness of vulnerable groups, requiring new ideas and concepts, processes and mechanisms in policy design and service delivery to effectively address complex and special needs of vulnerable groups and promote their empowerment.